Brief of the World

 

Total area of the World : 510.072 million sq km

{( land: 148.94 million sq km) ( water: 361.132 million sq km)}

(note: 70.9% of the world's surface is water, 29.1% is land.)

 

Total countries of the World: 195 countries, 72 dependent areas and other entities.

 

Total population of the World: Population: 7,095,217,980 (July 2013 est.)

 

Top ten most populous countries (in millions)

1.China 1,349.59; 2.India 1,220.80; 3.United States 316.67; 4.Indonesia 251.16; 5.Brazil 201.01; 6.Pakistan 193.24; 7.Nigeria 174.51; 8.Bangladesh 163.65; 9.Russia 142.50; 10.Japan 127.25

 

Top ten bigest countries of the World

1.Russia-17,098,242 (sq km),2.Canada-9,984,670(sq km), 3.United States of America- 9,826,675(sq km),4.China- 9,596,961(sq km),5.Brazil- 8,514,877(sq km),6.Australia- 7,741,220(sq km),7.India-3,287,263(sq km),8.Argentina- 2,780,400(sq km),9.Kazakhstan- 2,724,900(sq km).10.Algeria-2,381,741(sq km).

 

Total airports of the World: 43,794 (2012)

 

Top ten airport by passengers:

1.Atlanta (ATL) - 89,331,622; 2.Beijing (PEK) - 73,948,113; 3.Chicago (ORD) - 66,774,738; 4.London (LHR) - 65,884,143; 5.Tokyo (HND) - 64,211,074; 6.Los Angeles (LAX) - 59,070,127; 7.Paris (CDG) - 58,167,062; 8.Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) - 56,906,610; 9.Frankfurt (FRA) - 53,009,221; 10.Denver (DEN) - 52,209,377 (2010)

 

Top ten airport by cargo (metric tons):

1.Hong Kong (HKG) - 4,165,852; 2.Memphis (MEM) - 3,916,811; 3.Shanghai (PVG) - 3,228,081; 4.Incheon (ICN) - 2,684,499; 5.Anchorage (ANC) - 2,646,695; 6.Paris (CDG) - 2,399,067; 7.Frankfurt (FRA) - 2,275,000; 8.Dubai (DXB) - 2,270,498; 9.Tokyo (NRT) - 2,167,853; 10.Louisville (SDF) - 2,166,656 (2010)

 

Top twenty richest countries of the World

1. Qatar

This oil-rich country tops the list with a per-capita income of $98,948. They have the third largest natural gas reserves, with the proven amount more than enough to allow them to produce the same number of barrels for the next 50 years. More than half of its GDP comes from oil, including almost 85% of exports and 70% of government income. To further stimulate the economy, Qatar is also embarking on huge infrastructure projects, just in time for its hosting of the 2022 World Cup of football.

2. Luxembourg

Minimal inflation, low unemployment and general stability have led to solid growth for this small European country. They have a robust industrial sector featuring steel, chemicals and rubber. Luxembourg is also known for its financial services sector that accounts for nearly a third of its economy. Their reputation as a tax haven has taken a hit, however, because of pressure from the European Union. Still, with per-capita income of $80,559, the country’s economy is the envy of most of Europe.

3. Singapore

The financial and technological hub of Southeast Asia, Singapore has translated its highly advanced economy featuring per-capita income of $59,710 to the third strongest economy in the world. It relies mostly on the exports of electronic and technology products and pharmaceuticals, as well as on a solid financial sector.

4. Norway

Norway is blessed with abundant natural resources, from oil and hydropower to minerals and forests. Aside from providing its people with per-capita income of $53,396, an extensive social welfare net is also in place. It is one of the largest exporters of oil and gas in the world, with revenues from the petroleum industry accounting for a fifth of the government’s revenue.

5. Brunei

With per-capita income of $49,536, Brunei makes good use of its substantial crude oil and natural gas reserves. Citizens are entitled to free medical services and education up to the tertiary level. Housing is also subsidized. To further boost its income, the government has also taken advantage of investment opportunities abroad.

6. United States

Probably the most powerful economy in the world, the United States has always taken the lead in advances in technology, armaments and aerospace sectors. Per-capita income is at $48,328, though does not come with the same welfare packages as other advanced countries. They take pride instead in its market-oriented economy in which the private sector decides practically everything with minimal intervention from the government.

7. United Arab Emirates

This is another oil-rich Middle Eastern country with per-capita income of $47,729. The discovery of its oil fields has radically transformed the UAE from its poverty-ridden population three decades ago. Its free trade economic zones feature international conglomerates attracted by UAE’s zero-tax policy even for companies that are completely foreign-owned. This has helped boost private sector employment, an important element in the government’s drive to diversify the economy.

8. Switzerland

Rich, peaceful and perpetually neutral, Switzerland has a modern economy with a learned labor force with per-capita income of $44,452. Its banks are acclaimed the world over. Along with low taxes, efficient markets, predictable rules and modern infrastructure, these characteristics have allowed Switzerland’s economy to continuously progress.

9. San Marino

San Marino’s tourism and banking sectors have accounted for its economy’s success with per-capita income of $43,090. It faces a challenge, however, because of pressure from the international community for the country to improve the transparency of its banking industry. Foreign companies are keen on setting up shop here because of its low tax rates.

10. Netherlands

Known for its stable industrial relations, the Netherlands has a per-capita income of $42,023. Income is generally derived from food processing and petroleum refining. The country also has an automated agriculture sector that consistently produces huge export numbers, allowing it to post significant trade surpluses.

11. Kuwait

Oil! This is the one word that best epitomizes Kuwait. With petroleum making up 95% of its exports and government income, it’s no surprise that the country has a high per-capita income of $41,701.

12. Austria

Austria’s economy is consistently boosted by its service and industrialized sectors. It also has a smaller, albeit highly-advanced, agricultural sector. Per-capita income is at $41,556.

13. Australia

This is a country rich with natural resources, like coal, iron ore, gold, uranium and natural gas. Australia is a leading exporter of food and energy products. Its per-capita income is $40,847.

14. Ireland

A modern country dependent on trade, Irish per-capita income is $40,838. Agriculture used to be a mainstay in its economy, though it has now been overtaken by the export sector, specifically in industry and services.

15. Sweden

Sweden is also dependent on foreign trade, with iron ore, timber and hydropower constituting most of its resources. With per-capita income of 40,705 and a broad welfare system, its economy is further complemented by modern technology and highly skilled labor.

16. Canada

Canada is a rich country that benefits largely from its proximity to the US, which buys majority of Canada’s exports. Per-capita income is $40,519, while its main exports include petroleum and uranium.

17. Germany

Exports of vehicles, household equipment and chemicals have allowed Germany to provide per-capita income of $38,077. It faces several challenges, however, like low birth rates and increasingly unsustainable welfare system.

18. Iceland

Fishing is still Iceland’s biggest industry, accounting for 12% of its GDP. With per-capita income of $38,060, this high-welfare country has been diversifying into biotechnology and software products.

19. Belgium

With per-capita income of $37,781, Belgium relies on exports to boost its economy by importing raw materials that they turn around to manufactured goods. The drawback of this, however, is its vulnerability to fluctuations in prices.

20. Taiwan

A small country with huge per-capita income of $37,716, Taiwan relies on the export of machineries, electronics and petrochemicals. Most of its industries have been privatized as the country assumes a highly capitalist market orientation.

 

Top twenty poorest countries of the World

1. Congo, Democratic Republic of the

GDP Per Capita: $348 (As of 2011)

Not to be mixed with the neighboring Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo has become the poorest country in the world as of 2010. Democratic Republic of the Congo was known as Zaire until 1997. Congo is the largest country in the world that has French as an official language – the population of D.R Congo is about six million larger than the population of France (71 million people in D.R Congo vs 65 million in France). The Second Congo War beginning in 1998 has devastated the country. The war that involves at least 7 foreign armies is the deadliest conflict in the world since World War II – by 2008 the Second Congo War and its aftermath had killed 5.4 million people.

2. Liberia

GDP Per Capita: $456 (As of 2011)

Liberia is one of the few countries in Africa that have not been colonized by Europe. Instead, Liberia was founded and colonized by freed slaves from America. These slaves made up the elite of the country and they established a government that closely resembled that of the United States of America. In 1980 the president of Liberia was overthrown and a period of instability and civil war followed. After the killings of hundreds of thousands, a 2003 peace deal was led to democratic elections in 2005. Today, Liberia is recovering from the lingering effects of the civil war and related economic dislocation, with about 85% of the population lives below $1 a day.

3. Zimbabwe

GDP Per Capita: $487 (As of 2011)

The government of Zimbabwe released its largest bank note 100 trillion dollar bill issued on January 2009. In addition to the economic problems the life expectancy of Zimbabwe is the lowest in the world – 37 years for men and just 34 for women. One of the problems for the early deaths are the 20.1% of the population with HIV and AIDS. The health issues aren’t seeing any improvement.

4. Burundi

GDP Per Capita: $615 (As of 2011)

Burundi is known for its tribal and civil wars. Burundi have never really had any peaceful time between the everlasting civil wars as a result its the fourth poorest country. Owing in part to its landlocked geography, poor legal system, lack of economic freedom, lack of access to education, and the proliferation of HIV and AIDS. Approximately 80% of Burundians live in poverty and according to the World Food Programme 57% of children under 5 years suffer from chronic malnutrition; 93% of Burundi’s exports revenues come from selling coffee.

5. Eritrea

GDP Per Capita: $735 (As of 2011)

Affected by the Italian colonizers of the 19th century. Eritrea’s advantage of controlling the sea route through the Suez Canal made the italians to colonized it just a year after the opening of the canal in 1869 and same reason the British conquered it in 1941. The present Eritrea’s economic conditions have not improved and real gross domestic product growth averaged 1.2 percent between 2005 and 2008; in 2009 GDP growth was estimated at 2.0 percent.

6. Central African Republic

GDP Per Capita: $768 (As of 2011)

Despite its significant mineral resources; uranium reserves in Bakouma, crude oil, gold, diamonds, lumber, hydropower and its arable land, it remains one of the poorest countries in the world. Diamonds constitute the most important export of the Central Africans Republic, accounting for 40–55% of export revenues. The 2010 UNDP Human Development Report ranks CAR near the bottom of its Human Development Index (159th out of 162 countries) and unlikely to meet its MDG goals. The proportion of Central Africans living on $1 a day has decreased slightly to 62% but it needs to be half of that in order to reach the 2015 goal.

7. Niger

GDP Per Capita: $771 (As of 2011)

With over 80% of its land is covered by the giant desert of Sahara, Niger has a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita in Parity Purchasing Power (PPP) terms of US$771 as of 2011, one of the lowest in Africa. Niger’s poverty is exacerbated by political instability, extreme vulnerability to exogenous shocks and inequality which affects girls, women and children disproportionately. In January 2000, Niger’s newly elected government inherited serious financial and economic problems including a virtually empty treasury and was qualified for enhanced debt relief under the International Monetary Fund program for Highly Indebted Poor Countries.

8. Sierra Leone

GDP Per Capita: $849 (As of 2011)

A West African country with English as its official language, Sierra Leone has relied on mining, especially diamonds, for its economic base and home to the third largest natural harbour in the world where shipping from all over the globe berth at Freetown’s famous Queen Elizabeth II Quay. It is among the top diamond producing nations in the world, and mineral exports remain the main foreign currency earner and also among the largest producers of titanium and bauxite, and a major producer of gold. Despite this natural wealth, 70% of its people live in poverty. If you have seen the movie Blood Diamond you should know that it is based on Sierra Leone.

9. Malawi

GDP Per Capita: $860 (As of 2011)

Malawi has one of the lowest per capita incomes in the world, with 53% (2004) living under the poverty line. In December 2000, the IMF stopped aid disbursements due to corruption concerns, and many individual donors followed suit, resulting in an almost 80% drop in Malawi’s development budget. In 2006, Malawi was approved for relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program. In December 2007, the US granted Malawi eligibility status to receive financial support within the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) initiative. Agriculture accounts for 35% of GDP, industry for 19% and services for the remaining 46%. In addition, some setbacks have been experienced, and Malawi has lost some of its ability to pay for imports due to a general shortage of foreign exchange, as investment fell 23% in 2009.

10. Togo

GDP Per Capita: $899 (As of 2011)

This small, sub-Saharan economy suffers from anemic economic growth and depends heavily on both commercial and subsistence agriculture, which provides employment for a significant share of the labor force. Cocoa, coffee, and cotton generate about 40% of export earnings with cotton being the most important cash crop. Togo is among the world’s largest producers of phosphate. Approximately one half of the population lives below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.

11. Madagascar

GDP Per Capita: $934 (As of 2011)

Madagascar’s mainstay of growth are tourism, agriculture and the extractive industries. Approximately 69% of the population lives below the national poverty line threshold of one dollar per day. The agriculture sector constituted 29% of Malagasy GDP in 2011, while manufacturing formed 15% of GDP. Tourism dropped more than 50% in 2009 compared with the previous year, and many investors are wary of entering the uncertain investment environment.

12. Afghanistan

GDP Per Capita: $956 (As of 2011)

Afghanistan is probably the only poorest country in the world that doesn’t need any introduction. Due to the decades of war and nearly complete lack of foreign investment, the nation’sGDP per capita stands at $956. Its unemployment rate is 35% and 42 % of the population live on less than $1 a day. As tribal warfare and internecine feuding has been one of their chief occupations since time immemorial. History has never seen Afghanistan lose a war. They might be one of the poorest but they know how to fight. Instead of a traditional army they simply resist with small counter attacks that eventually tire out the enemy.

13. Guinea

GDP Per Capita: $1,083 (As of 2011)

Guinea also has diamonds, gold, and other metals. The country has great potential for hydroelectric power. Bauxite and alumina are currently the only major exports. Guinea’s poorly developed infrastructure and rampant corruption continue to present obstacles to large-scale investment projects. Agriculture employs 80% of the nation’s labor force. Under French rule, and at the beginning of independence, Guinea was a major exporter of bananas, pineapples, coffee, peanuts, and palm oil. From independence until the presidential election of 2010, Guinea was governed by a number of autocratic rulers, which has contributed to making Guinea one of the poorest countries in the world.

14. Mozambique

GDP Per Capita: $1,085 (As of 2011)

One of the poorest and most underdeveloped country in the world, 75% of the population engages in small-scale agriculture, which still suffers from inadequate infrastructure, commercial networks, and investment. The minimum legal salary is around US$60 per month.

15. Ethiopia

GDP Per Capita: $ 1,093 (As of 2011)

Ethiopia suffers from poverty, and poor sanitation. In the capital city of Addis Ababa, 55% of the population lives in slums. Despite its fast growth in recent years, GDP per capita is one of the lowest in the world, and the economy faces a number of serious structural problems. Ethiopia’s economy is based on agriculture, which accounts for 41% of GDP and 85% of total employment. Agricultural productivity remains low, the sector suffers from poor cultivation practices and frequent drought.

16. Mali

GDP Per Capita: $1,128 (As of 2011)

With 50% of the population living below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day, Mali is one of the poorest countries in the world. Some of its natural resources are gold, uranium, livestock, and salt. Mali remains dependent on foreign aid. Economic activity is largely confined to the riverine area irrigated by the Niger River and about 65% of its land area is desert or semidesert. Mali experienced economic growth of about 5% per year between 1996-2010. The government in 2011 completed an IMF extended credit facility program that has helped the economy grow, diversify, and attract foreign investment.

17. Guinea-Bissau

GDP Per Capita: $1,144 (As of 2011)

Guinea-Bissau’s legal economy depends mainly on farming and fishing, but trafficking in narcotics is probably the most lucrative trade. With 60% of the population living below the poverty line, drug traffickers based in Latin America use Guinea-Bissau, along with several neighboring West African

nations, as a transshipment point to Europe for cocaine. The government and the military did almost nothing to stop this business.

18. Comoros

GDP Per Capita: $ 1,232 (As of 2011)

Made up of three islands with rapidly increasing population, and few natural resources. As of 2008 about 50% of the population lives below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day, due to numerous coups d’etat since independence in 1975.

19. Haiti

GDP Per Capita: $1,235 (As of 2011)

Haiti is a free market economy that enjoys the advantages of low labor costs and tariff-free access to the US for many of its exports. Poverty, corruption, and poor access to education for much of the population are among Haiti’s most serious disadvantages. Haiti’s economy suffered a severe setback in January 2010 when a 7.0 magnitude earthquake destroyed much of its capital city, Port-au-Prince, and neighboring areas. Already the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere with 80% of the population living under the poverty line and 54% in abject poverty, the earthquake inflicted $7.8 billion in damages. Seven out of ten Haitians live on less than US$2 a day, according to the International Red Cross.

20. Uganda

GDP Per Capita: $1,317 (As of 2011)

Uganda is one of the poorest nations in the world, with 37.7 percent of the population living on less than $1.25 a day. Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, small deposits of copper, gold, and other minerals, and recently discovered oil. Despite making enormous progress in reducing the countrywide poverty incidence from 56 percent of the population in 1992 to 31 per cent in 2005, poverty remains deep-rooted in the country’s rural areas, which are home to more than 85 per cent of Ugandans.

 

Top ten richest country of the Asian Continent (2012)

1.Brunei,GDP per capita: $54,100, 2.Singapore,GDP per capita: $52,900, 3.Japan,GDP per capita: $35,300, 4.Korea, South,GDP per capita: $27,100, 5.Malaysia,GDP per capita: $15,700, 6.Kazakhstan,GDP per capita: $12,000, 7.Azerbaijan,GDP per capita: $9,500, 8.Thailand,GDP per capita: $8,700, 9.Armenia,GDP per capita: $6,600, 10.China,GDP per capita: $6,100.

 

Top ten happiest countries of the World (2013)

1.Australia,2.Sweden,3.Canada,4.Norway,5.Switzerland,6.USA,7.Denmark,

8.Netherlands,9.Iceland,10.United Kingdom.

 

Top passport ranking countries of the World

1.United Kingdom & United States of America- 168 countries can travel

without visa.

2.Germany, Denmark, France,Netherlands-167 countries can travel

without visa.

3.Finland, Sweden-166 countries can travel without visa.

4.Canada,Belgium,Spain,Ireland,Italy,Japan-165 countries can travel

without visa.

5.Luxemburg,Norway,Portugal-164 countries can travel without visa.

6.Austria-163 countries can travel without visa.

7.Australia,NewZealand-162 countries can travel without visa.

8.Switzerland-161 countries can travel without visa.

9.Singapore-160- countries can travel without visa.

10.SouthKorea,Malaysia-158- countries can travel without visa.

11.Brunei-139 countries can travel without visa.

12.Argentina-138 countries can travel without visa.

13.Chile-137 countries can travel without visa.

14.Brazil-132 countries can travel without visa.

15.Mexico-128 countries can travel without visa.

16.SouthAfrica-99 countries can travel without visa.

17.Russia-87 countries can travel without visa.

18.Maldives-78 countries can travel without visa.

19.India-36 countries can travel on arrival visa.

20.Bangladesh-29 countries can travel on arriaval visa.

   

Travel Club Online Opinions the world human right , live safely & peacefully ,medical facility , financially unemployment govt supported best countries are 1. Canada 2.Norway 3.Switzerland 4.NewZealand 5.Australia 6.Sweden 7.Finland 8. Denmark 9.United Kingdom 10. Japan

 

7 wonders countries of the World

Christ Redeemer: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Great Wall of China: China, Machu Picchu: Peru, Petra: Jordan,Pyramid at Chichén Itzá: Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, Roman Colosseum: Rome, Italy, Taj Mahal: Agra, India

 

Continents of the World its five to seven

Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia. Asia and Europe are sometimes lumped together into a Eurasian continent resulting in six continents. Alternatively, North and South America are sometimes grouped as simply the Americas, resulting in a continent total of six (or five, if the Eurasia designation is used).

 

Top ten largest water bodies

are 1.Pacific Ocean 155.557 million sq km;2. Atlantic Ocean 76.762 million sq km; 3.Indian Ocean 68.556 million sq km; 4.Southern Ocean 20.327 million sq km; 5.Arctic Ocean 14.056 million sq km;6. Coral Sea 4,184,100 sq km; 7.South China Sea 3,595,900 sq km;8.Caribbean Sea 2.834 million sq km; 9.Bering Sea 2.52 million sq km; 10.Mediterranean Sea 2.469 million sq km

 

Top ten highest mountains (measured from sea level)

Mount Everest (China-Nepal) 8,850 m; K2 (Pakistan) 8,611 m; Kanchenjunga (India-Nepal) 8,598 m; Lhotse (Nepal) 8,516 m; Makalu (China-Nepal) 8,463 m; Cho Oyu (China-Nepal) 8,201 m; Dhaulagiri (Nepal) 8,167 m; Manaslu (Nepal) 8,163 m; Nanga Parbat (Pakistan) 8,125 m; Anapurna (Nepal) 8,091 m

 

Religions of the World         

Christian 33.39% (of which Roman Catholic 16.85%, Protestant 6.15%, Orthodox 3.96%, Anglican 1.26%), Muslim 22.74%, Hindu 13.8%, Buddhist 6.77%, Sikh 0.35%, Jewish 0.22%, Baha'i 0.11%, other religions 10.95%, non-religious 9.66%, atheists 2.01% (2010 est.)

 

Distance between the nearest planet Moon and the Earth ( World ):

The distance between the Moon and the Earth varies from around 356,400 km to 406,700 km at the extreme perigees ( closest ) and apogees ( farthest )