Official Name


The People's Republic of Bangladesh

Geographical Location


Latitude between 20°34' and 26°38' North. Longitude between 88°01' and 92°41' East.



147,570 Sq. Km.



North - India (West Bengal and Meghalaya), West - India (West Bengal), East - India (Tripura and Assam, Myanmar), South - Bay of Bengal

Capital City



Other Major Cities


Dinajpur, Rangpur, Pabna,Chandpur,Chittagong, Laxmipur, Feni, Cox's Bazar, Brahmanbaria, Rajshahi, Natore, Nagoan, Kushtia, Jessore, Faridpur, Khulna, Comilla, Sunamgonj, Sylhet, Mymensing, Manikgonj, Tangail, Barisal, Patuakhali, Jhalakhati

Standard Time


GMT + 6 Hours

Climate Variations


Winter 5°C - 20°C (Dec-Feb)
Summer 21°C - 34°C (April - June)



1100mm to 3400mm (June - Aug)

Literacy Rate





Bangla - National language, is spoken by 95%, 5% speaks other dialects. English is widely spoken and understood.

National Days


21 February


International Mother Language Day and Language Martyrs Day

26 March


Independence Day

14 April


Bangla New Year's Day

01 May


May Day

07 November


National Solidarity Day

16 December


Victory Day

Principal Crops


Rice, Jute, Tea, Tobacco, Wheat, Sugarcane, etc.

Principal Rivers


Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Karnaphuli, Shitalakhya, Teesta, Surma, Kushiara etc.



Muslim 87 %, Hindu 12 %, Buddhist 0.5%, Christian 0.4% and others 0.1%



Parliamentary form of government. The President is head of the state, while the government is headed by the Prime Minister.

Principal Industries


Jute, Paper, Garments, Tea, Fertilizer, Cement, Leather and Leather goods, Fishing, etc.



Taka having a denomination of 1000,500, 100, 50,20, 10, 5, 2 and 1. Exchange Rate: US$ 1.00 = Tk. 80 Max.rate

Best Tourist Season


October - March

Places of Interest in Dhaka

At first impression, Dhaka is a typically modern Third World capital with wide boulevards and cement-block towers, everything laid out in orderly fashion but in rapid states of decline. But on further investigation you discover that Dhaka is an old and venerable city in the true South Asian manner.

Dhaka's urban history is a reflection of the changing fortunes of the sub-continent as a whole. It was established by Buddhists in the 4th century, later dominated by Hindus and then fell into the hands of Muslim Mughal rulers in the 13th century.

This was the start of the golden age of Dhaka, when it became a great Mughal trading port and finally the capital of Bengal in 1608.


Baitul Mukarram


The Mughals built Dhaka into a magnificent city, with a sultan's palace, dozens of ornate mosques, covered markets, gardens and a huge citadel to protect it from pirates and foreign powers.

The Old City is a veritable labyrinth of narrow streets and alleys, difficult to find your way around without a guide. Running along the waterfront is the Bund, a bustling street that overflows with rickshaws and vendors, sweaty workmen in white loincloths humping goods up from the ghats, and eager commuters rushing down to the ferry piers.


Central Shahid Minar


National Memorial

National Assembly

There is something interesting around every corner. Ahsan Manzil, the palace of the last Nawab of Dhaka, stands just behind the waterfront. It's now fully restored.

The last of the great caravanserai is Chotta Katra. Istara Mosque with its unusual stellar motifs is the most interesting of the Muslim places of worship in the Old Town, while the old Armenian Church is one of the few remnants of the large community of Armenian and Greek traders who settled Dhaka in the late 18th century.

They weren't the only ones attracted by the dazzle of Mughal Dhaka.
Portuguese, Dutch, British and French all came here to trade during the 17th century, establishing their own enclaves along the waterfront. They tussled with one another for the favour of the Mughals, but it was the British who finally triumphed (as they did in most of India) and took Dhaka as their own in 1765.

Under the British an entirely new colonial city was built to the north of what became the Old Town. Great government buildings and posh bungalows arose along the shaded avenues. And Dhaka continued to prosper on trade, this time as a conduit of raw commodities from jute, sugar, tea and indigo plantations established by British planters in the interior of what was then Bengal province.

The Ramna area — the old British part of Dhaka — is still dominated by colonial buildings with Greek columns and whitewashed facades. This district is the artistic and intellectual heart of the whole nation, where you find the libraries, colleges, art galleries and the National Museum.

Ahsan Monzil Museum


Lalbagh Fort 

National Museum

Lalbagh Fort : The Fort of Aurangabad, popularity known as the Lalbagh Fort was built in 1678 A.D. by Prince Mohammad Azam, son of Mughal Emperor Aurangazeb who was the then Viceroy of Bengal.

Suhrawardy Uddyan : Formerly known as the Race Course, Suhrawardy Uddyan is a popular park of the city. The Child Education & Recreation park (Shishu Park) is also located in a comer of this big Uddyan.
National Poet's Graveyard : National poet Kazi Nazrul Islam died on August 28, 1976 and was laid to rest here. The graveyard is adjacent to the Dhaka University Mosque.

Churches: Armmanian Church (1781). St. Mary's Cathedral at Ramna, Church of Bangladesh or former St. Thomas Cathedral (1677) at Tejgaon.

Bangabhaban: Tourists can have a look (outside view only) of Bangabhaban, the official residence of the President.

Zoological Garden: Called Mirpur Zoo, it is situated at Mirpur. 10 km. to northwest of Dhaka, on 230 acres of land.

Shahid Minar: Symbol of Bang-ladeshi nationalism, this was built to commemorate the martyrs of historic Language Movement of 1952.

Botanical Garden: Built over an area of 205 acres of land at Mirpur, just east of the Mirpur Zoo. Object of garden: botanical education, research, preservation of plants and some recreation.

1857 Memorial (Bahadur Shah Park): Built to commemorate the martyrs of the first liberation war (1857-59) against British rule, It was here that the revolting sepoys and their civil compatriots were publicly hanged.

National Museum: Housed in an impressive building the Museum contains a large number of interesting collections including sculptures, coins, paintings and inscriptions,

Ramna Green: Ramna Park is a vast stretch of green ground surrounded by a serpentine lake.

National Art Gallery: Situated in the Shilpakala Academy premises this has a representative collection of folk art and paintings by artists of Bangladesh.

Ahsan Manzil Museum: Located on the bank of river Buriganga in Dhaka. It is an example of the nations rich cultural heritage. It was the home of the Nawab of Dhaka and a silent spectator to many events. Today's renovated Ahsan Manzil is a monument of immense historical beauty. It has 31 rooms with a huge dome atop which can be seen from miles around. It now has 23 galleries in 31 rooms displaying portraits, furniture and household articles and utensils used by the Nawab.

Baldha Garden: Baldha Garden has rare collection of botanical plants and flowers.

Baldha Garden


National Assembly Complex: National Assembly Complex in Sher-e-Bangla Nagar designed by the famous architect Louis Kahn has distinctive architectural features.

Mosques: Dhaka is better known as a city of mosques.The number of mosques in Dhaka city—old and new—would be more that one thousand.

The only surviving monument of the pre-Mughal period in Dhaka is Binat Bibi's mosque (1457) in Narinda. Other monuments of the Sultanate period around Dhaka are the single-dome Goaldi Mosque (1493-1519) and Mosque of Fateh Shah at Mograpara (1484).

The earliest Mughal monument in Dhaka is the Eidgah, an open field for Eid prayers, located in Dhanmondi residential area.

One of the finest examples of Mughal mosque architecture in the 17th century is the three-domed Sat Gombuj mosque which appears to be seven domed, hence the name sat which means seven. Another typical example of architecture is the three-domed mosque built in 1679 and situated behind the old High Court building.

The mosque of Khan Mohamad Mridha located closer to the northwest corner of the Lalbagh fort was built in 1706. The only parallel to Mridha's two-storyed mosque is the five-dome Kartalab Khan's mosque at Begum Bazar near the Central Jail. This mosque was between 1700 and 1704. It has a graceful two-sided roofed, hut-shaped room along its northern face, which, with its curvilinear eaves, gives it a very distinctive look.

The Chowk Jame Mosque, according to an inscription found on the building was built  in 1676. Perhaps one of the best known and frequently visited mosques in Dhaka is the petite Star Mosque in Armanitola which has an inlaid star pattern made of broken pieces of china. It was built in the early 18th century.
Baitul Mukarram, the National Mosque in the down town area is the forerunner of a number of strikingly beautiful modern mosques. It is modelled after the rectangular shape of the holy Kaaba in Mecca.

National Memorial: Located at Savar, in the suburb of Dhaka city, is the National Memorial. It was built to commemorate the martyrs of the war of independence, Jahangirnagar University and its sprawling campus is also located nearby.

Sonargaon: About 29 km. from Dhaka is one of the oldest capitals of Bengal. It was the seat of Deva dynasty until the 13th century. From this period onward till the time of the advent of the Mughals. Sonargaon was a subsidiary capital of the Sultanate of Bengal.

National Park: Situated at Rajendrapur, 40 km. due north of Dhaka within Joydevpur Thana in the magnificent Bhawal region on Dhaka-Trishal-Mymensingh Highway, this is a vast (1,600 acres) national recreational forest, ideal for those who love nature.
Wildlife Sanctuary : About 128 km. from Dhaka is Madhupur, an interesting wildlife and game sanctuary of the country.



River Cruise: During the dry winter months river cruise is available. The cruise provide an opportunity to have glimpse of riverine  Bangladesh and its lash green countryside.

Requirements for Immigration :

1. Passport and Visa:

Valid passports are required for nationals of all countries to visit Bangladesh. Passports are not required for the holders of identity certificate, Laissez Passer issued by United Nations and its affiliated Bodies, continuous Discharge Certificate/Nullies/Seaman Book (Traveling on duty to join or repatriate from ship) issued by any country recognized by Bangladesh.

2. Visas are required for all countries except the nationals of following countries:

Bhutan, Barbados, Cyprus, Fiji, New Zealand, Western Samoa, Canada, Singapore, Tonga, Leone, Lesotho, Zambia, Tanzania, Malta, Nigeria, Kenya, Somalia, Nauru, Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Trinidad, Tobago, Ghana, Srilanka (Stay not exceeding One Month), Ireland, Tunisia, Vatican, Gabon And Spain.

3. Nationals of the following countries do not require any visa if stay does not exceed 3 months:

Yugoslavia, Japan.

4. No entry permit/visa will be required for a period of up to 15 days by the foreign tourists from the following countries arriving in or transiting through Bangladesh provided they hold return or onward air tickets:

U.S.A., Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Netherlands, France, Portugal, Spain Italy, Federal Republic Of Germany, Luxembourg, Belgium, Australia, Indonesia, Thailand, Nepal, Austria, Maldives, Philippines, Switzerland, U.K., Greece.

Such facilities shall not, however, be extended to those persons who are blacklisted or to whom visas are not issued ordinarily under the rules.

5. Any Missionary/Social Worker or person(s) employed in Bangladesh, paid or unpaid, is required to obtain a visa, prior clearance for such category of foreigners are required for visiting Bangladesh.
6. Foreigners who are required to obtain visa for visiting Bangladesh but cannot obtain the same due to unavoidable circumstances or inadvertence are generally allowed to enter in the country for 72 hours. in order to prevent hardship. In such cases foreigners will be required to obtain visa from Director, Immigration and Passport of nearest Regional Passport Offices in Bangladesh if duration of stay exceeds 72 hours.
7. In all cases, foreigners are required to fill up an embarkation/ disembarkation-cum-health card available at the entry-point with the following additions:



For arriving passengers-intended address/addresses.



For passengers leaving-last address.


Purpose of visit.



Proposed Length of stay in Bangladesh and places visited (with approximate dates)



Passport Number



Place and date of issue of passport



8. No registration and exit permit is required by a foreigner who visits Bangladesh. Foreigners are required to obtain road permit from the Director General, Immigration and Passports, Dhaka, if they intend to take their exit from the country by road.

9. Where a flight crew member on a scheduled service retains his license in his possession when disembarking, and remains at the airport where the aircraft has stopped or with the confines of the adjacent city, and departs on the same aircraft or on his next regularly scheduled flight out of Bangladesh, his crew member license or crew certificate is accepted in lieu of passport or visa for temporary admission into Bangladesh, only if the said certificate or license is issued by a country with whom a Bilateral Agreement exits.

Customs :

1. Arrival and departure of aircraft all passengers and crew shall present themselves personally with their baggage to Customs and make a declaration of currency on a prescribed from supplied by customs at the declaration counter on arrival. The form must be retained, On departure this form should be re-submitted to Customs showing the balance of foreign and local currency remaining in his possession.
2. Restriction on the movement of cash currency in and out of Bangladesh are in force.
3. Any unaccompanied baggage following should be notified to the Customs officer on the appropriate form before  the passenger departs from the Customs hall.






Passport with at least three (03) months validity.



Two (02) recent passport size photographs.



Photo copy of pages of passport having detail particulars.



Filled up two visa application forms (can be downloaded from the internet or available in the High Commission situated to your country).



For employment & student visas 03 sets of applications are required.



Invitation and covering letters are required preferably the original or fax copy.



Copy of valid visa is required to be enclosed with the application of foreign nationals (other than local citizen).



Please pay only exact amount of visa fee  and change is not available in the visa counter and collect the money receipt in this regard.






Tourist Visa:

In addition to common requirements, proof of applicant’s profession shall be submitted.






Business Visa:

a) Covering letter from applicants own company.

b) Invitation letter from Bangladeshi company.

c) Proof being a businessman/or his representative.






Employment Visa:

a) Letter from BOI/BEPZA/Ministry/NGO Affairs Bureau stating that applicant has been appointed in accordance with existing rules and regulation for the time being in force.




b) Appointment letter stating terms and conditions of employment including salary, house rent, etc.






Diplomatic, UN & Official visas:

In addition to common requirements, note verbale from respective Govt./Mission/UN organization, etc.



Providing Technical support:

a) Copy of contract signed between Bangladeshi and applicant’s company.

b) Letter from BOI/BEPZA stating that applicant’s service is essential in Bangladeshi company.

c) Covering letter & invitation letter.






Investor visa:

Letter from BOI/BEPZA stating that the applicant is an investor.







a) Letter/Appointment letter from concerned Mission/institution.

b) Consent from the Ministry of Religious Affairs, Bangladesh.






Student Visa:

a) Offering letter from the concerned government recognized educational institution in Bangladesh.

b) Bank solvency certificate of the guardian.

c) Sponsorship certificate provided by guardian confirming the commitment to bear the educational expenses.  






Other categories:

a) Relevant documents in support of visit from both sides.

*     The High Commission encourages the submission of application in person.

*     Incomplete application will be rejected.


Visa fees: Visa fees are determined on the basis of reciprocity with the country of the foreign national seeking visa. Please note that visa fee is non-refundable even if visa is denied or if visa application is withdrawn.  (please click here to see countrywise visa fees).


List of countries with no (visa) fees

The citizens of the following countries require visa, but no fee is charged for issuing visas to them:






Malagasy Republic/Madagascar


Saint Lucia


The procedure for obtaining visa remains the same.



List of Visa Expemted Countries

Citizens of countries listed below do not require visa to enter Bangladesh. Upon entry they are permitted to stay for a maximum period of 90 days.











Burkina Fasso





St. Kitts & Nevis






Western Samoa





Visa on Arrival: This facility is available for Some citizens when they travel to Bangladesh for some specific purposes such as a) official business b) business/trade c) potential investors, and d) tourists e) members of defense and security forces with prior clearance from the Ministry of Home Affairs of the government of Bangladesh.

Duration: visa on arrival for eligible travelers will be given for a period of not more than 30 days, single entry. The immigration officer at the port of entry (i.e. airports, land ports etc.) will approve this after examining all relevant documents and after his/her full satisfaction.

The travelers who wish to take visa on arrival at a Bangladeshi port of entry must do the following: 1) fees has to be submitted cash in US $/Euro/ Pound sterling 2) travelers other than those on govt. duty must have a minimum of US $ 500 in cash or in credit card with them 3) must possess a return ticket if they come for a short time.

Also some citizens of above categories are eligible for visa on arrival if they travel to Bangladesh from a country where there is no resident Bangladesh Embassy/Consulate.

As some airlines flying from few airports may not allow passengers to get on board without visa, visitors are hereby advised to check with their specific airlines to find out the case.

Wife/husband and children of Bangladeshi origin foreign citizens may also be eligible for visa on arrival upon satisfaction of the immigration officer at the port of entry following submission of proof of that he/she is a Bangladeshi origin (like citizenship certificate, current/expired Bangladesh passport) foreign citizen.

Visa on arrival may be given to officers/staff of foreign Embassies, UN and subsidiary organizations located in Bangladesh after scrutinizing their appointment letters and other related travel documents.

Please note that visitors who intend to stay more than 30 days or needs multiple entry visa should apply in the Bangladesh Embassy/consulates prior to their departure for Bangladesh.

All persons need valid national passports to visit Bangladesh. However, holders of Certificate/Laissiez-passer issued by the United Nations and its Specilalized Agencies; Continuous Discharge Certificate/Nullies/Seaman book can travel with above mentioned tarvel permits when travelling on official puposes, but visa is required on such travel documents.


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